Alt 29 Mart 2015, 19:17   #1
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Standart Doal hazine Kaz Dalar



Byk ksm Balkesir topraklarnda olan Kaz Dalar, bitki ve hayvan zenginlii, Milli Park ve esiz doal gzellikleriyle dikkat ekmeye devam ediyor. Doa dkn ve macera sever binlerce insan, yln her gn Kaz Dalarn gezip doal gzelliklerinden faydalanyor. Doa sporlar bakmndan da elverili olan Kaz Dalarnda, Off Road, doa yryleri, trekking, daclk vb. sporlar yaplrken, termal turizm de son zamanlarda arta geti.

Geni bir alana sahip olan Kaz Dalarnn 21 bin 450 hektarlk ksm 1993 ylnda Bakanlar Kurulu karar ile Milli Park ilan edildi. Bylelikle Kaz Dalarnn doal bir hazine niteliindeki jeomorfolojik zelliklerinin korunmas, flora (bitki) ve fauna (hayvan) varlnn devamnn salanmas, aratrlmas ve gelecek kuaklara aktarlmas hedeflendi. Doudan batya uzanan Kaz Dalarnn ktlesini, kuzey-gney istikametinde yaran derin vadi ve kanyonlar ve bu yapnn ortaya kard farkl iklimsel koullar, bitki ve hayvan varlnn zenginlemesi asndan uygun yetime ortam imkanlar saland.

zellikle bitki rtsnn tad biyolojik eitlilik, Milli Parkn ana kaynak deerini oluturuyor. Kaz Dalar ktlesinin gney yznde hakim olan bitki topluluu, alt seviyelerde (700-800 mlere kadar) kzlamlarla (Pinus brutia), st seviyelerde ise (1400 mlere kadar) karaamlarla (Pinus nigra var. pallasiana) temsil edilen kurak iklim tipine ait ormanlardan oluuyor. Gney yzde zellikle etekler, kzlam ve bu trn tahrip alanlarn kaplayan maki topluluu ile tipik Akdeniz manzaras tayor. Buna karlk zirve blgesi ve civarlarnda nemli iklim tipine ait ormanlar yayl gsteriyor. Bu ormanlarn hakim aa trleri ykseklerde gknar (Abies equi-trojani), daha alt seviyelerde ise, Karadeniz ikliminin karakteristik aac olan kayn (Fagus orientalis), sapsz mee (Quercus petreae) ve macar meesidir (Quercus frainetto). bugn batda Ortaburun mevkiinden, douda ap Dana kadar sadece zirveleri rterek kesintili bir dal gsteren gknar topluluklarnn eskiden bu alandan ok daha geni ve devaml bir yayla sahip olduu biliniyor.

Endemik bitki zengini

Bugne kadar Kazdanda 800 bitki taksonu tespit edildi. Ancak bu saynn 1000 civarnda olduu tahmin ediliyor. Ama bundan daha nemlisi, bata Kazda Gknar olmak zere 32 adet bitki tr endemiktir (yalnzca Kazdanda yetien). Bunun yannda Trkiyenin endemik tr olan ve Kaz Dalarnda yetien 40 adet, endemik olmayan, ancak Trkiyede sadece Kaz Dalarnda yetien 15 adet tr biliniyor. Milli Park ilan ve avlanmann yasaklanmasyla birlikte, yaban hayvan poplasyonlarnda da gzle grlr artlar oldu. 2003 ylnda yaplan envanter almas verilerine gre, alann yksek rakml kuzey blgelerinde ve yerleim yerlerine (ky, kasaba gibi)yakn alt blgelerinde hayvan varl doal olarak az miktarda, orta bantlarda ise bu blgelere oranla daha fazla. Belirlenen en nemli hayvan trleri; ay, domuz, kurt, Karaca, tilki, porsuk, sansar vb. Blgede yaplan aratrmada 10-15 yl ncesine kadar srtlan ve vaak gibi hayvanlar grlmesine ramen, bugn bu trlerin tkendii anlald. Ay, kurt ve karaca gibi trlerin de risk altnda olduu biliniyor.
Milli Park iinde gemiten gnmze, rekreasyon amal iki adet gnbirlik kullanm alan mevcut. Gre beldesi snrlar iinde kalan Pnarba 1980 ylnda kurulmu ve yalnzca 1 Ha. byklnde olmasna karn en youn kullanlan mesire alanlarndan. En nemli zellii ise, Kaz Dalar kar sularnn bir ksmnn kaynak halinde buradan kp dere oluturmas. Akarsuyun ss 9-10 derece. Yln 2 buuk aylk yaz sezonunda yaklak 80-100 bin ziyareti tarafndan gnbirlik kullanlmakta.
Zeytinli beldesine 4 buuk kilometre mesafedeki Sutven (Hasanbouldu) 1992 ylnda kurulmu ve 3 hektar byklnde. Kaz Dalarnn eteinde, iinden Kzlkeili aynn getii Hasanbouldu Gleti ve suyun 17 metreden dt Sutven elalesi nedeniyle son yllarda giderek daha fazla rabet gren alann, bugnk ziyareti says yaz sezonunda 200 bine yaklamakta. Manzara gzellii ve Hasanbouldu yksnn yaygnlamasyla her geen gn daha fazla ilgi grmekte. Kaz Dalar Milli Park lkenin nde gelen turizm blgelerinden saylan gzel Edremit Krfezinde yer alyor. Milli Parkn gneyinde yer alan Gre Kaplcalar, Trkiyenin nemli termal merkezlerinden. Milli Parkn evresinde Thebe, Killa, Khrysa, Anderia, Antandros, Pedosos ve Astrya yerleim blgeleri biliniyor.
Yakn evrede 3 nemli antik kent bulunuyor. Bunlar; Troya savalarndan nce kurulmu Edremite 6 kilometre uzaklkta Adramyttion, dan gneyinde ve Edremit Krfezinin kuzeyinde Kaleta Tepesinin stnde kurulu Antandros, anakkale il snrlar iinde yer alan Assos (Behramkale) kentleri. Kaz Dalarnn yabanclar tarafndan en ilgin yan ise, mitolojideki da Da efsaneleri. Btn bu zellikleri nedeniyle ve son yllarda nemi giderek artan ekoturizm anlay, Kaz Dalar Milli Parkndan bu erevede yararlanmak isteyenler iin, etkinliklerin belli esaslara gre yaplmas zorunluluunu ortaya kartt.

Kaz Dalar Milli Park, ekoturizm etkinliklerinin belli esaslar erevesinde yaplabilmesi iin 2002, 2004 ve 2007 yllarnda yre insanlar arasndan belirlenen adaylara, Kaz Dalar Milli Parknn kaynak deerleri ve etkinlik esaslar erevesinde 1 hafta eitim verildi. Yaplan snavlarn sonucunda 86 kii ekoturizm alan klavuzluu sertifikas almaya hak kazand. Kaz Dalar Milli Parknn planda belirtilen gzergah ve alanlarna gidebilmek iin Etkinlik zni Bavuru Formunu doldurarak izin almak, her yl Doa Koruma ve Milli Parklar Genel Mdrlnce belirlenen cretleri yatrmak ve klavuz almak zorunluluu var. Bu ilemler Mehmetalan Ky-Yalama Mevkii ve Avclar Ky-Klada Mevkiilerinde bulunan Giri Kontrol Noktalarnda da yerine getiriliyor.

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Alt 12 ubat 2019, 17:05   #2
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